Historical Nonfiction

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The Kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden were united in a Dynastic Union which was known as the Union of Kalmar during the Medieval Ages. The Union Kings resided in Copenhagen and was controlled by the Danes. As you can imagine, Norway and Sweden weren’t too thrilled about this. So in 1448 the Swedes elected a king of their own. In 1520 Union King Christian II, after a brutal display of his military force, gained the submission of Sweden’s most powerful grandees and granted them amnesty if he was crowned king of Sweden. During the ceremony, most of these grandees were arrested and executed in public despite his assurances of safety, in what is known today as the “Stockholm Bloodbath”.
King Christian II instantly became the symbol of hate and tyranny for the people of Sweden. In 1521 a rebellion broke out, lead by Gustavus Vasa, a nobleman who had wisely or luckily not attended the coronation. That April, the loyal forces of Christian II were defeated in the Battle of Vasteras and in June of 1521 Gustavus was elected King of Sweden. This wasn’t the end of it; war would continue for two more bloody years. But in the end, Sweden was victorious and won it’s independence and the right to rule itself. The Union of Kalmar was broken. And Norway? It was annexed to Sweden.

The Kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden were united in a Dynastic Union which was known as the Union of Kalmar during the Medieval Ages. The Union Kings resided in Copenhagen and was controlled by the Danes. As you can imagine, Norway and Sweden weren’t too thrilled about this. So in 1448 the Swedes elected a king of their own. In 1520 Union King Christian II, after a brutal display of his military force, gained the submission of Sweden’s most powerful grandees and granted them amnesty if he was crowned king of Sweden. During the ceremony, most of these grandees were arrested and executed in public despite his assurances of safety, in what is known today as the “Stockholm Bloodbath”.

King Christian II instantly became the symbol of hate and tyranny for the people of Sweden. In 1521 a rebellion broke out, lead by Gustavus Vasa, a nobleman who had wisely or luckily not attended the coronation. That April, the loyal forces of Christian II were defeated in the Battle of Vasteras and in June of 1521 Gustavus was elected King of Sweden. This wasn’t the end of it; war would continue for two more bloody years. But in the end, Sweden was victorious and won it’s independence and the right to rule itself. The Union of Kalmar was broken. And Norway? It was annexed to Sweden.

(Source: toptenz.net)

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